Accidents And Illness Abroad - Glossary

About Accidents And Illness Abroad

Millions of people take an annual holiday each year to rest and relax and have some fun in the sun. Most of these holidays take place without any issues arising.

Unfortunately, a small percentage of those people going on holiday each year suffer injury because of an accident that occurs abroad or because of illness contracted during a stay at a hotel or on board a cruiseliner.

How we can help your Accident & Illness Abroad Claim

You might need the help of our specialist teams of lawyers when you are considering:

Accidents Abroad Claims
Accidents at Sea Claims
Air Accident Claims
Assault & Hijacking Injury claims
Car Accident Abroad Claims
Coach Accident Abroad Claims
Cruise Illness Claims
Cruise Injury Claims
Cycling Accident Claims
Head & Brain Injuries Abroad
Holiday Accident Claims
Hotel Illness Claims
Hotel Injury Claims
Illness Abroad Claims
Motorcycle Accidents Abroad
Skiing Injuries Abroad
Spinal Injuries Arising out of Accidents Abroad
Sporting Injuries Abroad Claims
Terrorism related Injury Claims

Claims for Illness

 We can help you with your claims for illness arising from:

Every Tour Operator owes a duty of care to their customers. An accident or illness may happen because of a breach of that duty. In assessing competence the law does not seek perfection, but a holidaymaker is entitled to expect reasonable care. 

If the health and hygiene standards you received at a hotel or on board a cruise you fell short of what you were reasonably entitled to expect, there may have been a breach of duty of care leading to your injury/illness. That injury /illness may affect your health temporarily, or permanently, and may have an effect on your livelihood or level of independence.

Glossary of terms

Campylobacter compensation claims

• A bacterial infection caused by bacteria of the genus Campylobacter.
 
• Incubation period is 3 days; it can range from 1 to 7 days.

• Symptoms vary a lot, but include bloody diarrhoea, abdominal pain, fever and sometimes vomiting.

• Some people do not display any symptoms.

• Can lead to long term symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
 
• Most cases are associated with handling or eating undercooked poultry and can be transmitted by cross contamination of food caused by poor hygiene and catering practices.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) or Post-Viral Fatigue Syndrome compensation claims

• Symptoms including lethargy, insomnia, depression, joint pains, lack of concentration and general malaise.

• Research has shown a link between Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

Cryptosporidium compensation claims (cryptosporidiosis)

• Caused by a parasitic protozoa (single celled animal) called cryptosporidium parvum.

• Incubation period is 2 – 10 days, so you may not start to show symptoms until after you return home from your holiday.

• Symptoms include diarrhoea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, fever, headaches and weight loss. Some infected people display no symptoms and do not appear to be ill.

• Diagnosis of infection can be made through laboratory testing of a stool sample.

• Can lead to long term symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

• Transmitted via the faecal - oral route, usually in water. For example if someone has an "accident" in the pool and then you swallow the contaminated water.

E-Coli compensation claims

• A bacterial infection caused by one of many strains of the bacterium Escherichia Coli.
 
• Most strains of E-Coli are harmless and live in the intestines of healthy humans.

• There are different strains of E-Coli around the world, so when you travel abroad you can get re-colonised by the local strain, causing stomach upset.

• The 0157 strain of E-Coli produces a powerful toxin and can cause severe illness.

• Incubation period is between 1 - 6 days.

• Symptoms include severe bloody diarrhoea, vomiting, abdominal pain and flu-like symptoms.

• Can lead to long term symptoms including irritable bowel syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, kidney damage, paralysis and blindness. In extreme cases it can be fatal.

• Transmitted via the faecal - oral route, usually due to poor hygiene standards. For example, if food such as beef or beef products has not been cooked properly, or by drinking unpasteurised milk.

Gastroenteritis compensation claims

• Gastroenteritis is a general medical term used to describe any illness which involves diarrhoea, vomiting, abdominal pain etc.

Giardia compensation claims

• Caused by a parasitic protozoa (single celled animal) called giardia lamblia.

• Incubation period is 5 - 25 days.

• Symptoms include diarrhoea, abdominal pain, dehydration and weight loss.

• Some infected people display no symptoms.

• Can lead to long term symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

• The most common way of catching Giardia is to eat food or drink water that has become contaminated with human or animal sewage in some way. 

Irritable Bowel Syndrome compensation claims (IBS)

• IBS is a complex of symptoms which can include diarrhoea/loose stools, constipation, abdominal pain, flatulence and bloating.

• There is clear scientific evidence of a link between gastric infections and IBS.

• IBS can lead to further complications to include the development of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.
 

Norwalk virus/norovirus compensation claims.

• Highly contagious.
 
• Incubation period is between 12 - 48 hours.

• Symptoms include diarrhoea, abdominal pain, fever, nausea and frequent projectile vomiting. 

• Can lead to long term symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

• Diagnosis by stool sample is possible, but difficult.

• Typically transmitted via the faecal - oral route and by the vomit - oral route.

• In the context of holiday claims, Norwalk virus is most commonly linked with cruise ships. This may be due to the close living quarters, common food and drink being freely available and circulation amongst infected crew members as well as passengers.

Renal disease and rheumatoid disease compensation claims

• Can be a complication triggered by the initial acute phase of gastric illness.

• Symptoms may include joint pains, irritation of the eyes and painful urination collectively know as Reiter's Syndrome leading to chronic arthritis. Treatment is usually with antibiotics.

Rota Virus compensation claims

• A viral infection.

• Symptoms include diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, severe dehydration and fever.

• Can lead to long term symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

Salmonella compensation claims

• Salmonella is a bacterium which is one of the most common causes of food poisoning world-wide. The bacterium are found particularly in poultry, eggs, unprocessed milk, meat and water. They can also be carried by pets such as turtles and birds.

• After contaminated food has been consumed, symptoms usually occur within 8 and 24 hours; it can range from 4 to 48 hours.

• Symptoms include diarrhoea, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting and fever. In some cases, diarrhoea can be so severe that hospitalisation for re-hydration may be necessary. In rare cases (particularly in the elderly or the very young) infection may result in very severe illness or even death.

• Diagnosis of infection can be made through laboratory testing of a stool sample. Many people usually recover completely but some will go on to develop conditions such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and joint pain, irritation of the eyes and painful urination known as Reiter's Syndrome leading to chronic arthritis. Treatment is usually with antibiotics.

• Bacteria causing Salmonella can be transmitted by cross contamination of food caused by poor hygiene and catering practices, or by contamination from infected faeces.

Shigella compensation claims

• A bacterial infection caused by consumption of infected foods

• Incubation period is 12 hours – 3 days

• Symptoms include bloody diarrhoea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dehydration and weight loss.

• Can lead to long term symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

• The commonest way to catch Shigella is to eat food or drink water that has become contaminated with human or animal sewage in some way. 

Unspecified or undiagnosed gastric illness compensation claims

• Many gastric illnesses are identified by testing a stool sample for the presence of certain bacteria or other organisms.

• If you did not have a stool sample taken, or if your stool test came back negative (which may be caused by inaccurate or inadequate stool testing or due to you having taken antibiotics), this does not mean that you will not recover compensation.